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06.11.2007р. |
Finland has more protected forests than any other European Country
Finland has more protected forests than any other European Country

Finland is Europe’s most forested country, with trees covering all of three-quarters of the total land area. Finland is also the European leader when it comes to strictly protected forests, which account for 7.2 per cent of the total forest area.

Despite growth in the diversity of ways in which forests are handled, there are species with such strict habitat requirements that these habitats must be protected. The protected forests in Finland cover an area half the size of Belgium. If all protected areas including peatlands and up-most Arctic fell summits are added, the protected area is bigger than Belgium.

The majority of forests in Finland are multiple-use forests. Although forestry is practised in them, this does not exclude other uses of forests, such as picking berries, reindeer herding, hunting and recreation.

Regular forest inventories have been conducted in Finland since the 1920s. The growing stock of trees, i.e. the volume of wood in the forests, has been increasing since the 1970s. Finland’s first Forest Act went onto the statute books as long ago as 1886 and already then the destruction of forests was made illegal. Our present strict Forest Act requires that a new forest be planted to replace one that has been felled, and this must be done within five years of felling. In the latest revised Forest Act, which entered into force in the late 1990s, ecological and social sustainability has been elevated to a status equal in importance to that of economic sustainability. Environmental organisations have done valuable work in opening up a debate on specifically the ecological values of forests. The climate and soil in Finland guarantee that forests start to grow on their own and independently spread to new ground. There is hardly any erosion in Finland. Forest certification is a good way of demonstrating that the forests are managed well and sustainably. The various certification systems aspire towards the same goal - increase in the total area of certified forests - but with slightly different emphases.

At the moment, only about 7 per cent of the world’s forests are certified.

Finnish forest industry companies know where the wood they use comes from

About a fifth of the wood raw material used by the Finnish forest industry is imported, mainly from Russia and the Baltic States. Domestically sourced supplies of species like birch are not sufficient to meet the industry’s requirements.

Under the contracts that companies conclude with suppliers of imported wood, the suppliers undertake to provide the buyer with information on the wood’s origin and the location of the terrain in which it has grown.

Special attention is paid to the location if the felling site is close to a protected area. The felling permit granted by the authorities ensures that a batch of imported wood has been legally felled. The contract also obliges the supplier to observe the environmental demands that Finnish forest industry companies make in relation to wood harvesting.

Verification of the origin of wood is based on certified quality and environmental systems. Finnish forest industry companies check the veracity of the information that suppliers of 6 (6) imported wood provide by visiting felling sites and inspecting the forest management measures conducted on them. In addition to companies, independent certification bodies also visit the sites and can thereby verify the functioning of the chain of custody system of the wood.

The forest sector provides 200,000 jobs in Finland

In many areas the forest sector provides vital jobs that would be difficult to replace with any other activity. These jobs make a substantial contribution to safeguarding the vitality of many sparsely populated areas.

The forest sector provides direct employment for around 90,000 people, or about four per cent of the Finnish workforce. If indirect employment in sectors like technology and chemicals, transport and energy supply is also taken into account, the total contribution to employment rises to 200,000 or eight per cent of the national workforce.

Finnish forests are mostly family-owned

Private persons own about 62% of the forest area in Finland, the State about 24%, companies 9% and other communities (such as municipalities and parishes) about 5%.

One Finn in five is a member of a family that owns forest. Thus forest ownership is quite an everyday matter for many. Private persons own nearly 450,000 forest holdings of at least two hectares in size.

Most private forest owners live in rural areas, where revenues from wood sales have traditionally represented a substantial share of total family income. With over 70 per cent of the wood raw material that the industry uses coming from family-owned forests, the industry regards their owners as a very important stakeholder group. For some owners, values other than the economic gain from their forests, such as recreation and emotional attachment, are more important.

Whatever the proprietary relations may be, Finland’s forests are used in a great variety of ways. They are open for everyone for pursuits like berry and mushroom picking and many kinds of recreation.

For more information, please contact:

Senior Vice Director, Environmental Policy, Pertti Laine,

tel. +358 40 400 506 977,

+358 9 132 6633

Senior Vice Director, Forest Policy, Hannu Valtanen,

tel. +358 40 515 2766,

+358 9 132 6610

E-mail: firstname.lastname@forestindustries.fi

Sourse: Finnish Forest Industries Federation

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mail act.lt, mail act-habitat.com, mail finland.ca, email finland.ca, дверцята жалюзійні дерев'яні, european country most forrested, ялівець, куплю бук пиловочник фан сировина, Finland forest
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