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06.11.2007р. |
Renewable, recyclable and reusable: Paper and Wood
Renewable, recyclable and reusable: Paper and Wood

The European forest sector has set the goal of  becoming, by 2030, a competitive and global technology leader with a key role in the promotion of sustainable development.  It is important, that the emphasis in consumption will be shifted to renewable natural resources. Recyclable products - such as paper - made from wood, and which can be used to generate bioenergy at the end of their life cycle, represent sustainable development at its best.

In accordance with its vision, the forest industry intends to continue to be a sector that prudently uses renewable raw material in a way that corresponds to the changing needs of environmentally aware consumers. Finding broadly acceptable solutions is not always easy, but worth the effort.

In order to implement that vision, a joint European research programme, the Forest-based Industry Technology Platform, has been drafted recently. Finnish forest industry companies have had a significant role in shaping of it. Examples of the products that the industry is envisaged as offering in the future include intelligent and interactive packages, printed products, hygiene articles and applications for building with wood. The product range of the pulp mills of the future may well include more than just wood fibres for making paper; they could also provide green electricity and heat, in addition to a variety of wood-derived substances for use by the foodstuffs and pharmaceuticals industries.

Wood and paper products are a part of our everyday lives

Paper and paperboard products are so close to our everyday life, that we often take them for granted. They are derived from a renewable raw material and they are light, text can be imprinted on them and they can be recycled or used to generate bioenergy. When good properties such as the ability of wood products to bind carbon are added to the list, it becomes even more evident that through our own consumption habits we can contribute to solving global problems.

Paper is holding its own as an overwhelmingly superior substrate for the printed word, irrespective of whether textbooks, newspapers or advertisements are involved. Its role in disseminating information, especially in developing countries, is unrivalled, and no challenger is in prospect. Paperboard products make it possible for many foodstuffs to remain unspoiled on their journey from producer to consumer’s table. Hygiene articles, in turn, are a vital necessity in developing countries and increasing their use raises the general standard of hygiene.

The need for paper is growing at the fastest rate in other parts of the world than Europe and North-America. At the same time, new uses for paper and wood products have been found. They are environmentally competitive especially when they are used to substitute for products made from non-renewable natural resources. Rising living standards, changing lifestyles and evolution of the demographic structure are influencing markets and altering consumption behaviour.

More paper and bioenergy from less wood

Paper industry is using now less wood relative to the amount of paper manufactured than 30 years ago. The paper grades being made nowadays are thinner and finer and contain more fillers and coating materials. Production technology has likewise developed and the use of recycled paper has grown strongly.

The forest industry puts all of the wood it procures to precise and prudent use. The wood chips that are a by-product of sawmilling are used as a raw material for pulp and particle board. The chemicals recovered from the cooking-broth of the pulp are re-used in the production process, whilst the wood components in it are burned in a bioenergy plant to produce both electricity and heat. The wood products industry uses its by-products, like bark and other wood residues, as a fuel in bioenergy plants.

The forest industry is the biggest bioenergy producer in Finland. Wood-based fuels account for around 75 per cent of the energy that its mills use.

Output up, emissions down

The Finnish forest industry’s output has grown substantially in recent decades, but emissions into water and air have declined to a fraction of what they used to be. For example, output of paper and paperboard has more than trebled in the past 30 years, whereas both biochemical oxygen demand and effluents of suspended solids have declined by 95 per cent over the same period.

Such a positive development is thanks to the new technology that has been adopted to purify air and water. Over the past 15 years, the forest industry has invested an annual average of nearly ?100 million to reduce the burden it places on the environment. As leading actors in the field, Finnish forest industry companies have been putting the best available technology on the market.


Source: Finnish Forest Industries Federation

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recyclable пакеты, Пакет recyclable, recycable пакеты, recyclable пакеты, Recuclable фирма по производству пакетов, пакеты RECYCLABLE, лісник Януковича, reusable recyclable
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